What Is Cancer?
Cancer is really a group of numerous associated illness that all involve cells. Cells are the really small units that make up all living things, including the body. There are billions of cells in each individual's body.
Cancer happens when cells that are not typical grow and spread very quick. Typical body cells grow and divide and understand to stop growing. With time, they also die. Unlike these typical cells, cancer cells just continue to grow and divide out of control and don't die when they're expected to.
Cancer cells generally group or clump together to form growths (say: TOO-mers). A growing tumor ends up being a lump of cancer cells that can destroy the normal cells around the tumor and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make someone extremely ill.
Often cancer cells break away from the initial growth and travel to other locations of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form new growths. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a growth to a new location in the body is called transition (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Causes of Cancer
You probably know a kid who had chickenpox-- perhaps even you. But you most likely do not understand any kids who have actually had cancer. If you packed a large football stadium with kids, probably just one child because arena would have cancer.
Physicians aren't sure why some individuals get cancer and others do not. They do know that cancer is not contagious. You can't catch it from another person who has it-- cancer isn't triggered by bacteria, like colds or the influenza are. So don't hesitate of other kids-- or anybody else-- with cancer. You can talk with, have fun with, and hug somebody with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids believe that a bump on the head triggers brain cancer or that bad individuals get cancer. This isn't true! Kids Home page don't do anything incorrect to get cancer. But some unhealthy habits, specifically cigarette smoking or drinking excessive alcohol every day, can make you a lot most likely to get cancer when you become a grownup.
It can take a while for a physician to determine a kid has cancer. That's since the symptoms cancer can cause-- weight reduction, fevers, swollen glands, or feeling overly tired or ill for a while-- generally are not triggered by cancer. When a kid has these issues, it's frequently brought on by something less major, like an infection. With medical screening, the medical professional can find out what's triggering the problem.
If the physician suspects cancer, he or she can do tests to figure out if that's the problem. A doctor may purchase X-rays and blood tests and recommend the individual visit an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a medical professional who looks after and treats cancer patients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to find out if someone really has cancer. If so, tests can determine what type of cancer it is and if it has actually infected other parts of the body. Based on the results, the doctor will decide the best method to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a cosmetic surgeon) may carry out is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). Throughout a biopsy, a piece of tissue is gotten rid of from a growth or a place in the body where cancer is believed, like the bone marrow. Don't worry-- someone getting this test will get special medicine to keep him or her comfortable throughout the biopsy. The sample that's gathered will be analyzed under a microscope for cancer cells.
The sooner cancer is discovered and treatment starts, the much better somebody's chances are for a full healing and remedy.
Dealing With Cancer Thoroughly
Cancer is treated with surgical treatment, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or in some cases a combination of these treatments. The choice of treatment depends on:
Surgery is the oldest kind of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 people with cancer will have an operation to remove it. During surgery, the physician attempts to get as lots of cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue might likewise be gotten rid of to make certain that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is the usage of anti-cancer medications (drugs) to deal with cancer. These medications are often taken as a tablet, however generally are offered through an unique intravenous (say: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, also called an IV. An IV is a small plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is taken into a vein through somebody's skin, normally on the arm. The catheter is connected to a bag that holds the medicine. The medicine flows from the bag into a vein, which puts the medicine into the blood, where it can travel throughout the body and attack cancer cells.